Exams

ایده های Speaking برای IELTS و TOEFL





Listen to the audio by pressing the button.



Sometimes my mother gives me advice.
She tells me to save my money for a rainy day.
She says that I should eat my vegetables if I want to be strong when I grow up.
She says that you reap what you sow.
I didn’t know what that one meant, so I asked her.
She said that if you are good to people, they will be good to you.
If you do bad things, then bad things will come back to you.
My mother is always giving me advice.
She says that a penny saved is a penny earned.
I am still thinking about that one.
Some of these things are difficult to understand.
My mother is very wise.
She says that she has learned from her mistakes.
She tells me that she would like me not to make mistakes, but she says that everyone does make mistakes.
The important thing is that we learn from our mistakes.
My mother says that nobody is perfect.
My mother tells my sister that time is precious.
My sister wastes time, and my mother doesn’t like that.
My mother tells me to be true to myself.
She says that I should not follow the crowd.
I should listen to my own conscience and do what I think is right.
She says that it doesn’t matter if you fail at something, the important thing is that you try.
If you’ve done your best, then that is all that matters.
I listen to my mother.
I think she gives very good advice.
My mother has a lot of common sense.
I hope I am as wise as she is when I have children of my own.
Sometimes I wish that she would not give me so much advice.
I think that I know what I’m doing.
But, in the end, I always remember what she has said, and I try to live by the standards that she has set for me.
Take the advice that your parents give you.
They only have your best interests at heart.


Listen to the audio by pressing the button.



Australia is the only country in the world that is also a continent. Located in the southern hemisphere, between the Pacific and Indian oceans, Australia is one of the largest countries in the world.
Despite its vast size, Australia does not have a large population. In the year 2000, there were about 19 million people in Australia. Most Australians live within a short distance of the ocean, because much of the interior of Australia is extremely dry. The remote areas of Australia, known as the “outback,” contain several sandy, rocky deserts. Some parts of the outback receive somewhat more rainfall, and can support some grassy vegetation. In these areas, there are many ranches, or farms, where sheep and cattle are raised.
Although the outback of Australia is a harsh place, some parts of it are quite beautiful. In the middle of the Australian continent, a large red rock known as Uluru stands in the desert. It is nearly 350 metres tall and is nearly 10 kilometres around. Tourists come from all over the world to see this huge and beautiful rock in the middle of a flat desert.
In contrast to the dry interior areas, the northern coast of Australia receives a great deal of rainfall. This area is covered in thick, lush vegetation, with tropical rainforests whose exotic trees and flowers are found nowhere else in the world. Off the north-east coast of the continent, a large coral reef known as the Great Barrier Reef is found. A coral reef is a structure that consists of the bodies of small underwater animals called coral, whose dead bodies create this unusual structure beneath the surface of the water. The reef and the underwater life surrounding it are especially beautiful.
Australia was separated from the rest of the world for millions of years. As a result, many of the plant and animal species in Australia are very different from those in other parts of the world. For example, many of the animals in Australia belong to a special category called the “marsupials.” Marsupials are mammals, but they are a special kind of mammal, because they give birth to offspring that are not yet well developed. In many marsupials, the offspring continue to develop, after being born, inside a pocket or “pouch” on the mother’s body.
The most famous marsupial is the kangaroo. Kangaroos can travel at great speeds by hopping on their hind legs and using their large tails for balance. The kangaroo is a rather large animal, with the larger individuals sometimes weighing 90 kilograms. Another famous marsupial is the koala. This animal is sometimes called a koala bear because it looks somewhat like a small bear. The koala lives in the branches of trees called eucalyptus trees. Koalas eat the leaves of eucalyptus trees. Of course, Australia also has people. We will discuss the people of Australia in the next passage.


Listen to the audio by pressing the button.



I change my clothes a lot.
If I am going somewhere fancy, I wear a dress.
I wear stockings on my legs, and I wear a pair of nice shoes.
If I am going to play sports, I wear a sweatshirt and jeans.
If I am going to the beach, I wear a bathing suit or a bikini.
My brother wears swimming trunks to the beach.
At work, I wear a skirt and a blouse.
Underneath my clothes, I wear underwear.
A lady wears a bra and panties as underwear.
A man wears boxer or jockey shorts as underwear.
Today, I am wearing a blouse and a pair of jeans over my underwear.
I have socks and shoes on my feet.
In the summer, I often wear sandals on my feet.
In the summer, the tops that I wear are usually sleeveless.
I usually wear shorts in the summer.
Sometimes, I wear a sweater or a jacket if the weather is cool.
I wear a cap or a hat on my head.
I wear a belt to hold up my jeans or my slacks.
Women sometimes wear a dress or a skirt.
Men wear a pair of slacks and a shirt.
Some men wear a suit and a shirt and tie.
If it is very cold outside, I wear a winter coat.
If it is cold, I like to wear gloves or mittens on my hands.
Sometimes, I wrap a scarf around my neck to keep warm.
I wear a toque on my head in cold weather.
I wear boots on my feet in the winter.
If it is raining, I wear a raincoat.
The way that I dress depends a lot on the weather.


Listen to the audio by pressing the button.




Red is a vibrant color.
Roses are sometimes red.
Blood is red.
White is the color of snow.
Clouds are very often white.
Blue is the color of the sky and the ocean.
Black isn’t really a color at all.
Tar is black.
A crow is black.
Green is the color of grass.
It is also the color of leaves on the trees in the summer.
Brown is the color of dirt.
Many people have brown hair.
Yellow is a bright color.
Most people use yellow when they draw a picture of the sun.
Orange is an easy color to remember, that is because an orange is orange.
Pink is the color that we dress baby girls in.
We dress baby boys in blue.
Purple is the color of some violets.
The Canadian flag is red and white.
What color is your flag?


Listen to the audio by pressing the button.



When an official of a government or business is acting dishonestly, we say that this person is corrupt. Corruption is a serious problem in many countries around the world. There are several different kinds of corrupt practices, including bribes, kickbacks, nepotism, and embezzlement.  
A bribe is a payment of money or some other benefit, in exchange for a decision that would not otherwise be made. For example, an accused criminal might bribe a judge so that the judge would make a decision of “not guilty.” Another example is that a business owner might bribe a government official so that the official would allow the construction of very unsafe buildings.  
A kickback is similar to a bribe, except that the official receives some part of the money in a dishonest business deal. For example, governments sometimes decide which company should build a road. A company might offer money to the government official who makes the decision, so that this company will be chosen, even if it is not the best company for the job.  
Nepotism happens when an official unfairly gives advantages to his or her relatives. For example, a government official might hire a brother or sister to do a job even though other people would be much better qualified for the job. Of course, all of us want to help our relatives, but it is wrong to do this at the expense of the public.  
Embezzlement happens when an official secretly steals some money from a company or government. For example, a manager at a company might secretly move some of the company’s money to his or her own bank account, or that manager might lie about his or her expenses in order to receive more payment from the company.  
Corruption has very bad effects on people, in several ways. Sometimes it can lead to very dangerous situations. One example of this is when unsafe construction projects are approved by officials who have been bribed. Another example is when criminals are freed as a result of bribes. Also, a country’s economy can be damaged by corruption. For example, if companies must pay bribes in order to do business, then they may decide to leave the country. Also, if people’s tax money is stolen by corrupt officials, this makes the people poorer. In addition, when company officials are corrupt, it makes the company less able to compete with other companies.  
How can corruption be stopped? An important step is for each person to decide not to act in ways that are corrupt. People must agree to take this problem seriously. Also, each company and each government must have strict rules about corruption. It must be very clear to all employees-from the lowest to the highest-that corruption is totally unacceptable.


Listen to the audio by pressing the button.



Some people are just born to create. 
That’s what I think. 
Some people just have the need to write stories, compose beautiful music, or paint pictures. 
Creativity seems to be inside them, and they need to let it out. 
It’s good that we have people like that. 
Composers like Mozart and Chopin have given us music that is incredibly beautiful. 
It’s not just the classical composers who have given us great pieces of music; there are modern composers who have written great songs also. 
Elton John is an example of someone who has composed many wonderful songs. 
Andrew Lloyd Webber has given us some very popular musicals like Cats and The Phantom of the Opera. 
There are so many talented and creative people in this world. 
When you visit an art gallery, you marvel at how artists are able to recreate realism or make up something that seems totally unreal yet beautiful. 
The American artist Norman Rockwell painted some pictures that actually looked like photographs. 
He tried to portray life as it was in America. 
Through his paintings, one can get a good sense of American life through the years. 
On the other hand, artists like Jackson Pollock did not portray realism. 
Jackson Pollock painted abstract pictures. 
His paintings are just as good as Norman Rockwell’s, but they are entirely different. 
Some books that we read are classics. 
Mark Twain portrayed American life through his characters Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. 
Charles Dickens brought Victorian England to life through his books. 
Most people are familiar with his Christmas Carol where the mean and miserable
Scrooge learns the true meaning of Christmas. 
People don’t have to read the classics. 
There are modern writers who entertain readers through their stories. 
Stephen King has written a number of horror stories. 
Some of his books have even been made into movies. 
We are lucky to have creative people who share their gifts with us. 
If you are lucky enough to be creative, you should use your talents to create works of art
that we all can share.


Listen to the audio by pressing the button.



The many cultures of the world differ in a great variety of ways. One of the most interesting ways in which cultures vary is in the extent to which they are “individualistic” or “collectivistic.” An individualist society and a collectivist society are different in many ways.  
In an individualistic culture, each person tends to think of himself or herself in terms of his or her own characteristics and preferences-the things that make the person unique or different from others. In a collectivistic culture, each person tends to think of himself or herself in terms of his or her social relationships and roles-the things that make the person a part of a larger group, such as an extended family or an ethnic group.  
Another difference between individualist and collectivist cultures involves the tendency to help others. In an individualist society, people feel some obligation to help persons who share some group identity-such as their distant relatives, or persons from the same town-but this obligation is not nearly as strong as in collectivist cultures. On the other hand, people in collectivist cultures tend to feel very little inclination to help other people who do not belong to their groups, whereas people in individualist cultures are more often willing to help others even if they do not belong to the same group.  
Another difference between individualist and collectivist cultures involves the relationship between people and the groups to which they belong. In an individualist culture, people usually join or leave groups when it is in their personal interest to do so. In a collectivist culture, people usually stay with one group for a long time. For example, people in individualist societies are more willing to quit their job, and take a new job at another company. People in collectivist societies usually prefer to stay with one company throughout their career. Similarly, people in individualist countries usually get married for reasons of personal choice, and are more likely to get divorced. However, people in collectivist societies usually get married according to the wishes of their relatives, and are less likely to get divorced.  
Western countries, such as those of western Europe and North America, are usually considered to be very individualist. However, not all individualist countries are similar in every way. For example, the individualism of the United States is viewed as more “competitive” than that of socialist countries, such as Sweden. In contrast to Western countries, the countries of most parts of Asia and Africa are usually considered to be very collectivist. Collectivist countries also differ from each other in many ways.  
The idea of individualism versus collectivism is an interesting way to understand some of the differences between cultures. By learning about ideas like this, one can better appreciate the customs of other peoples.


Listen to the audio by pressing the button.



There are seven days of the week.
Sunday is a day of rest for some people, but many people still have to work.
Quite a few people go to church on a Sunday.
On Monday morning, we go back to school after the weekend.
Many people say that they don’t like Monday because it is the beginning of the work week.
Tuesday is a school day and a working day.
I don’t think that there is anything special about a Tuesday.
Wednesday is the middle of the work week.
On Thursday, many of the stores and malls stay open later.
It gives you a chance to run some errands on a Thursday night.
On Friday, you feel like the work week is nearly over.
Some people say, “thank goodness it is Friday.”
They look forward to the weekend.
On Saturday, many people can sleep in late.
People get errands done on Saturday.
You see a lot of people in the grocery store on a Saturday.
Most children look forward to Saturday so that they can play with their friends.
Then, Sunday comes again.
The weeks turn into months, and the months turn into years.
Time goes by quite quickly.
There are seven days of the week.
Sunday is a day of rest for some people, but many people still have to work.
Quite a few people go to church on a Sunday.
On Monday morning, we go back to school after the weekend.
Many people say that they don’t like Monday because it is the beginning of the work week.
Tuesday is a school day and a working day.
I don’t think that there is anything special about a Tuesday.
Wednesday is the middle of the work week.
On Thursday, many of the stores and malls stay open later.
It gives you a chance to run some errands on a Thursday night.
On Friday, you feel like the work week is nearly over.
Some people say, “thank goodness it is Friday.”
They look forward to the weekend.
On Saturday, many people can sleep in late.
People get errands done on Saturday.
You see a lot of people in the grocery store on a Saturday.
Most children look forward to Saturday so that they can play with their friends.
Then, Sunday comes again.
The weeks turn into months, and the months turn into years.
Time goes by quite quickly.


Listen to the audio by pressing the button.



Some things are different shapes.
They can be described by their shape.
A circle is round.
A compact disc is a circle.
A square has four equal sides.
A rectangle is similar, but two of the sides are longer.
A triangle has only three sides.
Have you ever seen anyone play a triangle in an orchestra?
The word “triangle” can stand for an instrument or a shape.
An oval is rounded, but it is not round.
An egg is an oval shape.
The floor is flat.
If something is smooth, it has no bumps or lumps
Silk is smooth.
Some things are rough.
Sandpaper is rough.
If something is dull, it is not sharp or pointed.
A dull knife will not cut bread because the blade is not sharp.
If something is pointed, it has a sharp end.
A sharp pencil has a pointed end.
A pencil that has been used a lot, and hasn’t been sharpened has a dull end.
Some things are soft.
A teddy bear is soft.
It feels good to touch.
Some things are hard.
A rock is hard.
Soft can also represent a noise level.
If you have a soft voice, it is not very loud.
If someone tells you to speak softly, they want you to speak quietly.
“Loud” is the word used to describe noises that hurt your ears.
A big truck will make a loud noise.
Sometimes your mother will tell you that your music is too loud.


Listen to the audio by pressing the button.



Are you tall or short?
Are you big or small?
People come in many different shapes and sizes.
Some people wear size small clothes.
Other people wear size medium clothes.
There are people who wear large size clothes.
Some people even wear extra large clothes.
Some people are thin.
Some people are fat.
Some people are in between.
There are people with short hair.
Other people have long hair.
Some people have no hair at all.
No two people are exactly alike.
Some people have long legs.
I have short legs.
I don’t walk as fast as a person with long legs.
I am not a tall person.
In fact, I am quite short.
My feet are a size seven.
My mother has size five feet.
My father has size twelve feet.
We are all different sizes.
It is not a bad thing.
It is a good thing that we are all unique.